Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Now, we will move onto next topic.

HTML Links

       Basically, we use <a> tag to show linking. <a> states the anchor tag used for hyper linking. This anchor tag will also include " href " attribute which is specifying hyper reference.

HTML Link

   <a href = "xyz.com">This is dummy content</a>

Your Code : 

<html>
<head>
 <title> Third Demo </title>
</head>
<body> 
<a href = "http://mark-uplanguages.blogspot.in/">
                                          This is demo to show the use of anchor tag
                </a>
</body>

</html>

OUTPUT:



After clicking on the above link you will be able to see that particular page whose URL you have provided for hyper linking. As, i have mentioned my blog's URL only so output i got is 





Thursday, November 6, 2014

In my previous blog I started with basic HTML, one more thing to update you is we can create static web pages by just using HTML.

Now, there are some tags to go through

1)Heading tag
2)Paragraph tag
3)HTML links
4)HTML images

Heading Tag : HTML headings are defined with <h1> to <h6> tags.
                              <h1>.........</h1>
                              <h2>..........</h2> and so on.

As we have already seen heading tag with example so we will directly switch to Paragraph tag.

Paragraph Tag : HTML tags are defined with paragraph tags.
                                  <p>..................</p>

Your Code : 

<html>
<body> 
<p> This is my first paragraph to show the demo.</p>
<p> This is my second paragraph to show the demo.</p>
<p> This is my third paragraph to show the demo.</p>
</body>

</html>

OUTPUT : 


Wednesday, November 5, 2014

HTML

HTML stands for hyper text markup language which is used for describing web pages. You can easily enhance its look and feel in the way you like, but only after you will go some of the examples. There is lot to learn in HTML as the technology never stops. So, why not lets be a beginner ans start with a basic.

  1. HTML is a set of markup tags.
  2. Documents of HTML are best described by HTML tags.
  3. Each HTML tag describes different element with its unique properties.
Its quite easy so let's have a look on its tags with its properties and you will be able to see the OUTPUT also with each example.

HTML tags are of two types :

1)open - close
2)self - close

Open - Close tags are those tags which require start and end. For example-<p>....</p>,<h1>...</h1>
Self - Close tags are those tags which does not require any end. For example - <hr>, <br>, <img>, <link>

The start tag is often called the opening tag. The end tag is often called the closing tag.

  
Points To Remember
  • The text between <html> and </html> describes the web document
  • The text between <body> and </body> describes the visible page content
  • The text between <h1> and </h1> describes a heading
  • The text between <p> and </p> describes paragraph
To go through the HTML practice you can use any of the following editors 

Notepad ++
Geany
Notepad
Dreamweaver

Open Notepad >> write the code >> save file with extension (.html, .htm) >> double click on file >> Output will be visible to you.

REMEMBER to save all your HTML files with extension .html, .html. 


Your Code :

<html>

<head>

 <title> First Demo</title>

</head>

<body> 
<h1> This is First Heading.</h1>
<h2> This is Second Heading.</h2>
<h3> This is Third Heading.</h3>
<h4> This is Fourth Heading.</h4>
</body>
</html>

OUTPUT:






Tuesday, November 4, 2014

Hey Guys!!!
 Back to my blog with some new and interesting scripts or you can say your designing skills. Very soon i will be posting new blogs related to markup languages.

                                 Till then wait and watch...:) :) :)


And we all know patience results as a sweet fruit :)

Sunday, February 20, 2011

HOW THE WEB WORKS ? ? ? ? ? ?

The working of world wide web is based on client-server technology.The Internet user using a software known as a web browser requests a document located on the web.The browser makes the request to the Internet host  containing that document.
Thus a browser acts like a customer or client that requests for the information.The Internet host serves the information  and is thus called the server.
The flow of information is controlled by a protocol.The protocol used in this exchange is called HTTP.The client,or the user or web browser makes the HTTP request and is served by an HTTP server also known a web server.

  1. HTTP
  2. HTML
  3. URL's
     HTTP:-
              It is a set of rules  or protocol that governs the transfer of hypertext between two or more computers.The world wide web encompasses the universe of information that is available via protocol HTTP.

The exchange of information between client and server is controlled by a protocol called HTTP.The protocol transfers data in form of text,audio,video,images.
HTTP is called so because it is used in environment where there are rapid jump from one document to another .Thus , we can say that HTTP is the underlying protocol used by WWW which defines how much are formatted and transmitted and what action web server take in response to various commands.

Example:-When you enter a URL in your web browser this actually sends an HTTP command to the web server directing it to fetch and transmit the requested web page.


  HTML:-
            It stands for Hyper Text Markup language,it represents a way to take ordinary text and turn into Hyper Text,just by adding special elements called mark-up  tags that tell web browsers how to display a web page contents.The main goal of HTML is to be a universal language for classifying the function of different sections of a document.It is designed to work on a wide variety of platform .

HTML shares some important characteristics with its SGML parent:HTML is one member of a family of markup languages called SGML.

1)A character-based method for describing and expressing content.
2)A desire to deliver that content equally to multiple platforms.
 3)A method for linking document  components together to compose compound documents.

HTML  have different versions:
     1)HTML+
     2)HTML 2.0
     3)HTML 3.2
     4) HTML 4.0

URL's:-
         The term stands for Uniform Resource Locator.It is a string of characters that specify the address of a web page.A client that wants to access a web page needs an address.This  address of a web page is known as URL.The URL provides an addressing scheme which allows the browser to request just about any document or web page located anywhere on that document.A URL normally takes the form:
<protocol>://<web-server name>/<directory-name>/<file-name>
   or
http://www.yahoo.com/education/index.html

The first part of URL specifies the transfer protocol starting  at the leftmost portion of URL up to colon (:) tells the browser what type of server it will connect to and which protocol to use in order to retrieve / access the document,that is always represented by "//".

The second part of URL is full qualified domain name(FQDN) .It identifies the site running the server that controls the webpage the URL points to many sites.

The third part of URL identifies the full path name for a particular web page.The pathname is always preceded by single slash after the domain name.

Example:-http://www.microsoft.com/IE/index.html

TYPES OF URL
There are two types of URL
1)Absolute
2)Relative

Absolute URL use a complete Internet address to give the location of a resource.
Relative URL is not fully qualified but rather it inherits the protocol,host and path information from its parent document.








Friday, January 21, 2011

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN INTERNET AND WWW

HOW  INTERNET  DIFFERS FROM WWW

The information on the web is transported over the internet.The web therefore uses the Internet in fact , the web is driving force behind the Internet.

The WWW is the combination of 4 basic ideas:-

 1) HYPERTEXT :-
                            A format of information which allows one in a computer environment, to move from one part of a document to another or from one document to another document through internal connections among these documents called   HYPER-LINKS.

2) UNIFORM RESOURCE LOCATOR / IDENTIFIER :-
Unique identifier used to locate a particular resource ( computer file , document or other resource ) on the network.

3) THE CLIENT-SERVER MODEL OF COMPUTING :-
A system in which client-software or a client computer makes requests of server software or a server computer that provides the client with resources or services such as data or files.

4) MARK-UP LANGUAGE :-
Character or codes embedded in text which indicates structure semantic meaning an advice on presentation.




Friday, January 14, 2011

WORLD WIDE WEB

WORLD WIDE WEB

1) The WWW usually referred to as world wide web is a collection of files all over the world.These files represent text , documents , pictures , video , sounds , programs , interactive environment and just about any other kind of information that has ever been recorded in computer files.

2) The web is probably the largest and most diverse collection of information ever assembled.

3) The www is a global ,read-write information space.text documents , images , multimedia and many other item of information are identified by short unique identifier called URL so that each resource can be found  , accessed and cross-referenced in the simplest possible way.


4) On the WWW , a client program called a web browser retrieves information resources such as web pages and other computer files , from web server using their URL's and display them typically on a computer  monitor.One can then follow hyper linking in each page.


5) Other resources on WWW whose creation is provided by these hyper links.


6) It is also possible for example by filling in and submitting web forms to post information back to the web server for it to save or process in some way.


7) The following hyper links is often called "browsing" or "surfing" the web.

HOW THE WEB WORKS

The working of WWW is based on client-server technology .The Internet user using a software known as a web browser  requests a document located on the web.The browser makes the request to the Internet host containing that document.  
Thus a browser acts like a customer or client and requests for the information.The Internet host serves the information are is thus called server.
The flow of information is controlled by protocol.The protocol used in this exchange is called HTTP.
The client , or the user or web browser makes the HTTP request and is served by an HTTP server and also known as web server.